The Marriage between Hazrat Ali and Hazrat Fatimah

The second year of Hegira also saw the marriage between Fatimah (may Allah be pleased with her), the Blessed Prophet’s daughter, and Ali (may Allah be pleased with him).

Many notables of Quraysh, including Hazrat Abu Bakr and Hazrat Omar (may Allah be pleased with them) had previously proposed to take her hand in marriage but the Blessed Prophet did not give consent, telling them, ‘he was waiting for a Divine verdict on her.’ For that reason, despite the encouragement of his relatives, neither could Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) make a proposal. But a while later, with the insistence of his kin, Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) made his presence next to the Blessed Prophet (Ibn Saad, VIII, 19)


The rest of what happened is recounted by Ali (may Allah be pleased with him)

“At long last, I went to the Messenger of Allah . He, as usual, was there with his entire majestical presence. I sat in front of him and kept silent. I could not say a word.

‘Why have you come; do you need something?’ he asked. ‘It appears you are here to ask for Fatimah!’

‘Yes’, was all I could say.” (Ibn Kathir, al-Bidayah, III, 379)

With the blessings of the Noble Prophet r, Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) sold some of his property and prepared a mihr of 480 dirhams. The Blessed Prophet r advised him to spend two thirds of it on purchasing fragrances and the remaining one third on clothes.(Ibn Saad, VIII, 19)

As trousseau, the Noble Prophet presented Fatimah (may Allah be pleased with her)  with a linen cover, a water bottle and a cushion stuffed with the grass-like idhir. (Nasai, Nikah, 81) To Bilal, he then said:

“I want it to become Sunnah for my ummah to serve food during their weddings”, asking him to organize the preparation. Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) then pawned his shield to a Jew and bought half a scale of barley, from which a sweet dish called hays** was prepared as walimah, or the wedding feast. The Ansar and Muhajirun arrived in groups to attend the meal. (Ibn Sad, VIII, 23; Abdurrazzaq, V, 487; Diyarbakri, I, 411)

Afterward, sending for a jug of water, the Blessed Prophet took wudu. He then called Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) next to him and sprinkled some of the water on his chest and between his shoulders. Then he also called Fatimah (may Allah be pleased with her) and did the same to her, remarking he had wed her to the best of their kin. Then to their faces and also behind them later on, the Blessed Prophet prayed:

“Allah…I seek refuge in you, from the banished Shaytan, on behalf of them and their progeny!” (Ibn Sad, VIII, 24; Diyarbakri, I, 411)

The Blessed Prophet then advised Fatimah (may Allah be pleased with her) to attend to household chores and Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) to earn for his family.(Kasani, IV, 24)

**Hays was a dish made from dates, pure oil and sifted yoghurt. Sometimes sawiq, or fried flour, was also added to it.



  1. Pingback: The Marriage between Hazrat Ali and Hazrat Fatimah | Dpressedmuslimah

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