Fatima (Alaiha Salaam): The Great Daughter of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ)

In this day and age Muslims are fully inundated upon the biographies of celebrities, sports stars and actors yet do t hey have the same amount of information about the members of the Prophet’s family, companions and other import ant Islamic personalities? The sad fact is that Muslims, particularly in the West, are unfamiliar with even the names of such great people let alone have a detailed account of their lives which they can use as guides on how to perfect their own life styles. To put an end to this alienation of important personalities of Islam, Shaykh-ul-Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri has compiled a series of hadith books on them. This book is one of those collections of traditions. The status of Sayyedah Fatimah (عليها االله سلام), the blessed daughter of the Prophet Muhammadﷺ, is so great that those who are oblivious to it are not only doing injustice to themselves by depriving themselves from her teachings but are also unknowingly showing disregard to the Prophet ﷺ. At a time when Muslim women are flooded with so called female role models, who rather than encouraging a modest and pure lifestyle, practice and preach the contrary, it is indeed time for Muslim women to adopt the life style of Sayyedah Fatimah (عليها االله سلام) who received divine praise for her morality. People will be shocked to learn of the high esteem which she was held by the Prophetﷺ and how divine commandments were revealed to the Prophetﷺ which were specifically regarding Sayyedah .

(Excerpt from the Book,” Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (سلام االله عليها)”)

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PDF Download Link: Virtues of Sayiddah Fatimah

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Fatwa on Terrorism and Suicide Bombings

Fatwa

PDF Download Link: Fatwa on Terrorism and Suicide Bombings

This  fatwa on terrorism & suicide bombings issued by the renowned authority of Islamic world, Shaykh-ul-Islam Dr Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri, deals a devastating blow to al-Qaeda, ISIS and its affiliates by removing decisively any remnant of theological justifications for terrorism. The detailed fatwa demolishes the theological arguments advanced by terrorists in prisons, on websites, videos and their literature. No longer can any extremist organisations employ Muslim scripture with impunity to advance the onslaught of civilians, be they non-Muslim or Muslim. It was pronounced/issued during a press conference in central London on 02 March 2010 and later published as a hardback book titled Fatwa on Terrorism & Suicide Bombings.

The Marriage between Hazrat Ali and Hazrat Fatimah

The second year of Hegira also saw the marriage between Fatimah (may Allah be pleased with her), the Blessed Prophet’s daughter, and Ali (may Allah be pleased with him).

Many notables of Quraysh, including Hazrat Abu Bakr and Hazrat Omar (may Allah be pleased with them) had previously proposed to take her hand in marriage but the Blessed Prophet did not give consent, telling them, ‘he was waiting for a Divine verdict on her.’ For that reason, despite the encouragement of his relatives, neither could Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) make a proposal. But a while later, with the insistence of his kin, Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) made his presence next to the Blessed Prophet (Ibn Saad, VIII, 19)

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The rest of what happened is recounted by Ali (may Allah be pleased with him)

“At long last, I went to the Messenger of Allah . He, as usual, was there with his entire majestical presence. I sat in front of him and kept silent. I could not say a word.

‘Why have you come; do you need something?’ he asked. ‘It appears you are here to ask for Fatimah!’

‘Yes’, was all I could say.” (Ibn Kathir, al-Bidayah, III, 379)

With the blessings of the Noble Prophet r, Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) sold some of his property and prepared a mihr of 480 dirhams. The Blessed Prophet r advised him to spend two thirds of it on purchasing fragrances and the remaining one third on clothes.(Ibn Saad, VIII, 19)

As trousseau, the Noble Prophet presented Fatimah (may Allah be pleased with her)  with a linen cover, a water bottle and a cushion stuffed with the grass-like idhir. (Nasai, Nikah, 81) To Bilal, he then said:

“I want it to become Sunnah for my ummah to serve food during their weddings”, asking him to organize the preparation. Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) then pawned his shield to a Jew and bought half a scale of barley, from which a sweet dish called hays** was prepared as walimah, or the wedding feast. The Ansar and Muhajirun arrived in groups to attend the meal. (Ibn Sad, VIII, 23; Abdurrazzaq, V, 487; Diyarbakri, I, 411)

Afterward, sending for a jug of water, the Blessed Prophet took wudu. He then called Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) next to him and sprinkled some of the water on his chest and between his shoulders. Then he also called Fatimah (may Allah be pleased with her) and did the same to her, remarking he had wed her to the best of their kin. Then to their faces and also behind them later on, the Blessed Prophet prayed:

“Allah…I seek refuge in you, from the banished Shaytan, on behalf of them and their progeny!” (Ibn Sad, VIII, 24; Diyarbakri, I, 411)

The Blessed Prophet then advised Fatimah (may Allah be pleased with her) to attend to household chores and Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) to earn for his family.(Kasani, IV, 24)

**Hays was a dish made from dates, pure oil and sifted yoghurt. Sometimes sawiq, or fried flour, was also added to it.

They were Peaks of Humbleness

The higher the Companions rose through Islamic morals, the more amazingly humble they became. Below is typical example:

Salman Farisi -Allah be well-pleased with himwas the governor of Madain when a man, from the Taym Clan, arrived from Damascus with a sack of figs. He saw Salman -Allah be well-pleased with him-, whom he was unable to recognize, in great part due to the modest woolen cloak he was wearing at the time.

“Come, help me carry this load”, he called out to Salman -Allah be well-pleased with him-, thinking he was a slave.

Salman -Allah be well-pleased with him- went next to him, putting the sack over his shoulders without protest. It was not long before the Damascene was told who he really was.

“That man is the governor of Madain”, they said.

“Please, forgive me”, then said the man apologetically. “I could not recognize you”.

“No harm done”, replied Salman -Allah be wellpleased with him-, modestly as ever. “I will carry the load to wherever it is that you want me to take it.” (Ibn Saad, IV, 88)

The Almighty praises His modest servants, like Salman Farisi -Allah be well-pleased with him-, in the Quran as follows:

“The (faithful) servants of the Beneficent are they who walk upon the earth modestly, and when the foolish ones address them answer: Peace…” (al-Furqan, 63)

Sound Judgement

History attests to the fact that the Pharaoh, Nimrod, Attila, Alexander, Hulagu and their equals became enemies of all humanity with what they did. In contrast, Mawlana Jalal al-Din al-Rumi (Alaihi Rehma) and similar friends of God who were kneaded with the effusion of revelation, attained ‘sound judgement’ and reached the source of friendship and love, became a channel of peace and mercy for humanity throughout their lives and even after their death. And they will each remain a friend of all humanity for all eternity.

Mawlana Jalal al-Din al-Rumi (Alaihi Rehma) truly continues to live in hearts even seven centuries later. It is well known that Rumi’s Mathnawi is one of the most read works concerning the human spirit in the United States and Europe, in addition to the seminal works of other Sufis. Moreover, UNESCO’s announcing 2007 to be the year of Mawlana Jalal al-Din al-Rumi (Alaihi Rehma) in honour of his 800th birthday is another noteworthy development in this regard.

As Mawlana Jalal al-Din al-Rumi lends weight to the criteria and principles of the Qur’an and Sunna, which elevate the human being as the honour of creation, he has been acclaimed in Western humanist circles.

That is to say, the letter of guidance, which that great friend of Allah wrote with sincerity centuries ago, resounds and inspires ardour throughout the world today. Holding up a mirror to the person’s inner world, the Mathnawi assists them in coming to know themselves and finding a solution to their troubles. It enables spirits weighed down by a materialist mindset to attain peace and repose and is a means to their guidance to the path of truth, for even if a person reaches the summit of material prosperity and owns the entire worldly realm, they would not be able to fill the void which lack of wisdom causes in their soul, with anything else.

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Mawlana Jalal al-Din al-Rumi indicates the truth that leads the human being to true happiness:

“(Know that) the wisdom which is born of (human) nature and phantasy (is) the wisdom which lacks the overflowing grace of the Light of Allah, the All-Glorious One. Your worldly philosophy only increases supposition and doubt; only the wisdom of the Religion elevates the human being above the skies.

The ingenious rascals of (this) latter time have aggrandised themselves over the ancients;

The (apt) learners of cunning have burnt (consumed) their hearts (in study) and have learned feints and tricks;

They have thrown to the winds patience and altruism and self-sacrifice and generosity – (qualities) which are the elixir of (spiritual) profit.”

 

-Excerpt from “The Islamıc Approach to Reason and Philosophy”

They Held Fast to the Quran

Even the most difficult circumstances could not hold the Blessed Prophet -upon him blessings and peace- back from the Quran to the Companions. Abu Talha -Allah be well-pleased with him- one day saw the Blessed Prophet -upon him blessings and peaceteaching Quran to the students of the Suffa, standing. In order to keep his back, bent double from excruciating hunger, straight, he had tied a stone around his belly. (Abu Nuaym, Hilya, I, 342)

Thus the Companions’ greatest concern was to understand the Book of the Almighty, to acquire its manifestations of wisdom and act in accordance. They had discovered the taste of life in repeating the Quran over and over, listening to it and implementing it in their lives.

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In short, the Companions lived with the Quran and its content, devoting their entire lives to the Word of the Almighty. They showed a feat of self-sacrifice never before witnessed in history. They were subjected to worst kinds of oppression and torture but never did they compromise what they believed in. To implement the Holy Quran in their lives, they abandoned their entire wealth and properties, even their hometowns, and immigrated to Medina, for which they were more than ready to even let go of their lives.

The Companions were in a continuous endeavor to learn and put into practice each ayah of the Holy Quran. They never neglected the Quran, even during the most dangerous situations.

Abbad -Allah be well-pleased with him-, appointed by the Blessed Prophet -upon him blessings and peace- to keep guard over the Muslim forces had begun offering salat. The enemy, who had been on the lookout all along, began shooting arrows at him. Only after being shot with two or three arrows did Abbad -Allah be well-pleased with him- bow down to ruqu and then to sajdah and eventually complete his salat. He then informed his fellow guard Ammar -Allah be well-pleased with him-.

“Why did you not tell me when you had first been shot?” asked Ammar, somewhat astounded.

“I was reciting a surah of the Quran and I did not want to break my salat before completing it,” replied Abbad. “But when the arrows hit me one after another I stopped reciting and bowed to ruqu. But by Allah, had there not been the fear of losing this spot whose protection the Messenger of Allah has ordered, I would have preferred death over cutting my recital of the chapter short.” (Abu Dawud, Taharat, 78/198; Ahmad, III, 344; Bayhaki, Dalail, III, 459; Ibn Hisham, III, 219; Waqidi, I, 397)

The Companions led a life within the Quran’s content. For them, each pillar of Islam was an insatiable taste. Each revealed ayah was like a feast from the heavens. All efforts were channeled to the aim of properly understanding and living the Quran and of setting the best example in regard. How great a portrait of virtue and testimony of an enthusiastic iman it is that, as mihr or dowry, a female Companion would only require her soon-to-be husband teach her the parts of the Quran he knew.

The Companions took the enthusiastic effort of the Noble Prophet -upon him blessings and peace- towards the Quran as example and as a result the small town of Medina became filled with huffaz and scholar

Perfect Qualities of the Beloved Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him)

Extracted from the Sealed Nectar (ar-Raheek al-Makhtum), biography/seerah of the beloved Messenger of Allah.

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The Prophet, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, had both perfection of features and perfection of manners. The impression of them on people can be deduced by the bliss that overwhelmed their hearts and filled them with dignity.

Men’s respect, devotion and esteem of Allah’s Messenger were unique and matchless. No other man in the whole world has been so honoured and beloved.

Those who knew him well were fascinated and enchanted by him. They were ready to sacrifice their lives for the sake of saving a nail of his from hurt or injury.

Being privileged by lots of excellences that no one else had been endowed with, his Companions found that he was peerless and so they loved him.

Here we list a brief summary of the versions about his beauty and perfection. To encompass all is, admittedly, beyond our power.

His Physical Appearance

Describing Allah’s Messenger who passed by her tent on his journey of emigration, Umm Ma’bad Al-Khuza’iyah, may Allah be pleased with her, said to her husband: “He was innocently bright and had a broad face. His manners were fine. Neither was his belly bulging out nor was his head deprived of hair. He had black attractive eyes finely arched by continuous eyebrows. His hair was glossy and black, inclined to curl, he wore it long. His voice was extremely commanding. His head was large, well formed and set on a slender neck. His expression was reflective and thoughtful, composed and inspiring.
The stranger was fascinated from the distance, but the closer he was the more respect he observed. His expression was very sweet and distinct. His speech was well set and free from the use of superfluous words, as if it were a chain of beads. His stature was neither too high nor too small to look odd. He was a twig amongst the two, singularly bright and fresh. He was always surrounded by his Companions. Whenever he uttered something, the listeners would listen to him with attention and whenever he issued any command, they competed with each other in carrying it out. He was a master and a commander. His utterances were marked by truth and sincerity, free from all kinds of falsehoods and lies.” 1

‘Ali bin Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with him, described him: “Allah’s Messenger, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, was neither excessively tall nor extremely short. He was of medium height among his friends. His hair not too curly nor was it too straight. It was both curly and wavy combined. His cheeks were not fleshy, chin was not small and forehead was not narrow. His face was fairly round. His mouth was white. He had black, large eyes, with long eyelashes. His limbs and shoulder joints were rather big. He had a fine line of little hair extending from his chest down to his navel, but the rest of his body was almost hairless. He had thick palms and thick fingers and toes.

While walking, he lifted his feet off the ground as if he had been walking on a slope. When he turned, he turned completely. The Seal of Prophethood was between his shoulders. He is the Last of Prophets, the most generous and the bravest of all. His speech was the most reliable. He was the keenest and the most attentive to people’s trust, and was very careful to pay people’s due in full. The Prophet, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, was the most gentle and the most polite companion, seeing him unexpectedly you would fear him and revere him. He who had acquaintance with him would like him. He who describes him says: ‘I have never seen such a person neither before nor after seeing him.’” 2

Jabir bin Samurah, may Allah be pleased with him, reported that Allah’s Messenger, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, had abroad face with reddish (wide) eyes and lean heels.3

Abu At-Tufail, may Allah be pleased with him, said: “He was white and good-looking. He was neither fat nor thin; neither tall nor short.”

Zadul-Ma’ad 2/45.
Ibn Hisham 1/401, Jami At-Tirmidhi 4/303.
Sahih Al-Muslim 2/258.

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Ka’b bin Malik, may Allah be pleased with him, said: “When he was pleased, his face would shine with so bright a light that you would believe it was a piece of the moon.’ 4

Once he was with ‘Aishah, may Allah be pleased with her, the features of his face twinkledwhile sweating; she recited a verse by Abu Kabir Al-Hudhali:
“If you watch his face, you will see it twinkling like the lightning of an approaching rain.” 5

Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, would say this verse upon seeing him:
“He is faithful, chosen (by Allah), and calls for forgiveness.
He shines like a moonlit night while it is far from dark.” 6

‘Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, used to recite a verse by Zuhair describing Haram bin Sinan:
“Were you other than a human being, you would be a lighted moon on a moonlit night,”
Then he would add: “Thus was Allah’s Messenger.” 7

When he got angry, his face would turn so red that you would think it were as if pomegranate has been squeezed on both his cheeks. 8

Jabir bin Samurah, may Allah be pleased with him, said: “His legs were gentle, delicate and in conformity. His laughter was no more than smiling. Looking at him will make you say ‘He is black-eyed’, though he is not so.” 9

Sahih al-Bukhari 1/502
Rahmatul-lil-Alamin 2/72.
Khulasatus-Siyar p. 20.
ibid.
Mishkatul-Masabih 1/22.
Jami’ At-Tirmidhi 4/306.

Ibn Al-‘Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said: “His two front teeth were separated so whenever he spoke, it was as if light came through them.”

His neck was as pure and silvery as a neck of doll. His eyelashes were long and his beard was thick. His forehead was broad; separate eyebrows finely joined together. His nose was high-tipped. His cheeks were plain. He had a fine line of hair running down to his navel. He had hair neither on his abdomen nor on his chest except some on his arms and shoulders. His chest was broad and flatted. He had long forearms with expansive palms. His legs were plain, straight, and stretched. His other limbs were also large. The two hollows of his soles hardly touch the ground. He used to walk with ease slightly leaning forward. 10

Anas, may Allah be pleased with him, said: “I have never touched silk or a silky garment softer than the palm of the Prophet, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him; nor have I smelt a perfume or any scent nicer than his.” In another version; “I have never smelt ambergris, nor musk, nor any other thing sweeter than the scent and the smell of Allah’s Messenger.”

Abu Juhaifah, may Allah be pleased with him, said: “I took his hand and put it on my face and I found that it was colder than ice and better scented than the perfume of musk.” 11

Jabir bin Samurah, may Allah be pleased with him, who was a little child then, said; “When he wiped my cheek, I felt it was cold and scented as if it had been taken out of a shop of a perfume workshop.” 12

Anas, may Allah be pleased with him, said; “His sweat was pearl-like.”

Umm Sulaim, may Allah be pleased with her, said: “His sweat smelt nicer than the nicest perfume.”

Jabir, may Allah be pleased with him, said; “Whenever Allah’s Messenger, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him,passed by a road, and after him some other person used the same road, he would quite easily find out by the fragrance of his scent that the Prophet had passed through it.”

10 Khulasatus-Siyar p. 19, 20.
11 Sahih al-Bukhari 1/503.
12 Sahih Muslim 2/256.

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