Hadrat `Umar (RadiAllahu Anhu), was an exemplary Muslim in all his dealings, and he staunchly followed the glorious way of the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings be upon him).
The most notable feature of `Umar’s caliphate was the vast expansion of Islam. Along with the Arabian Peninsula, Egypt, Iraq, Palestine, and what is today Iran also came under the protection of his government. The wealth of the Byzantine and Persian empires began to flow into Medina, and the standard of living of the Muslim community began to improve. Yet `Umar (RadiAllahu Anhu) maintained the same style of life that he had followed before. Though his state grew in splendor and its treasuries were overflowing, he kept on giving the Friday sermon in patched clothes. He lived a humble life to protect himself from the seduction of his lower self.
One of Hadrat `Umar’s titles was
Allah says in the Qur’an: “O you who believe! If you are careful of [your duty to] Allah, He will grant you a distinction…” (Anfal 29). Hazrat `Umar (RadiAllahu Anhu), whose heart was gripped by fear of Allah, solved problems with justice all the time by sorting the good and the evil into their appropriate places. Even his early judgments were known for their consistency with verses of the Qur’an that were subsequently revealed. This virtue of Hadrat `Umar (RadiAllahu Anhu) is mentioned in one of the sayings of the Prophet: “Allah Almighty endowed the tongue of `Umar (RadiAllahu Anhu) with what is just.” The Prophet (Peace and Blessings be upon him) also said, “In earlier communities there used to be individuals who received divine inspiration. If there were such a one among my people, it would definitely be `Umar (RadiAllahu Anhu)” (Bukhari, al-Ashab al-nabi, 6)
He (RadiAllahu Anhu) did not die a natural death, but was attacked by an unstable person and died of his injuries. As he lay dying, people asked him to nominate a successor. He (RadiAllahu Anhu) said, “Shall I bear responsibility for you even after I die? I expect no reward for being your caliph. I only hope that my good performance of duty may balance out my bad performance. I want neither of them to overbalance the other. I will be happy as long as I am not questioned on the Day of Judgment!” (Muslim, al-Imarat, 2)
May Allah grant us the special attribute of Hadrat `Umar (RadiAllahu Anhu), known as al-Farûq, and permit us to distinguish between truth and falsehood.
Al Fatiha for the blessed soul.