TYPES OF FASTING

Fasting is to abstain from eating, drinking, and sexual activity from dawn to sunset.

Ramadan

Ramadan

 TYPES OF FASTING

OBLIGATORY FASTS

  • Fasting during the month of Ramadan,
  • Fasting to make up (Qada) the missed Ramadan fasting,
  • Fasting as expiation (Kaffara) for the missed Ramadan fasting.

FASTING AS MAKE-UP (QADA)

What is the qada fast?
Fast to make up an accidentally nullified fast or a fast that is not fulfilled due to an excuse.
When is fasting as qada fulfilled?
It can be performed on any day after the month of Ramadan, except the days that are mak- ruh tahriman to fast.
FASTING AS EXPIATION (KAFFARA)

What is fasting as expiation (Kaffara)?
One must atone for a fast nullified knowingly by fasting consecutively without skipping a single day, for two months. This fast, which is performed as a penalty, is called “Kaffara.”
How many days is quaffer fasts?

The length of the Kaffara is two lunar months. This is usually sixty days. When one additional day to make up the nullified fast is added to this, it becomes sixty-one. For this reason, this fasting is also popularly referred to as “sixty-one.”


REQUIRED FASTS

  • Vowed fast,
  • Fasting to make up (Qada) the missed supererogatory (Nafilah) fasting.

SUNNAH FASTS

Our Prophet used to fast outside of the Ramadan and used to recommend this to his Companions as well.

Some of these fasts are:

  • Fasting on the ninth and tenth days or tenth and eleventh days of the month of Muharram,
  • Fasting six days on the month of Shawwal following the month of Ramadan,
  • Fasting on Mondays and Thursdays,
  • Fasting on the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth days of the lunar months,
  • Fasting one day and skipping the other day in days other than Ramadan (Fasting of Prophet David).

OBJECTIONABLE (MAKRUH) FASTINGS

These are the fasts that are considered objectionable (makruh) for various reasons. Those fasts are of two kinds:

1. Makruh Tahriman (Disliked but closer to forbidden) Fast

  • Fasting on the first day of the Ramadan Feast (Eid al-Fitr),
  • Fasting during all of the four days of the Sacrifice Feast (Eid al-Adha, and three days after `Eid al-Adha).

2. Makruh Tanzihan (Disliked but closer to Permissible) Fast 

  • Fasting on only the tenth day of Muharram- Ashura, without fasting the day before or the day after.
  • Fasting on only Friday or Saturday.

#(If a person who wants to fast on Ashura, Friday, or Saturday fasts the day before or the day after, then the fasting is not considered makruh.)

– Excerpt from the book, “My beautiful Religion: ACCORDING TO THE HANAFI SCHOOL”

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4 Comments

  1. Pingback: TYPES OF FASTING

  2. Assalaamualaikum,

    The pictorial chart and the written text do not match for the section of OBJECTIONABLE (MAKRUH) FASTINGS.
    In the picture, for Makruh Tahriman the second point shows, “Fasting on only the tenth day of Muharram, Ashura, without fasting the day before or the day after” while as in the text it is shown as “Fasting during all of the four days of the Sacrifice Feast (Eid al-Adha)
    Also in the picture both times Eid al-Fitr is written,which again is wrong

    Please correct the same

    • Walaikumasalaam warehmatullahi wabarakatahu.

      JazakAllahu Khayra for notifying and highlighting the error in the article. The changes have been made to the article to address the irregularity. Unfortunately the infographic was not accurate, so we have removed that from the article to eliminate any confusion in future.

      Thank you once again. Remain Blessed!

      FiAmanillah.

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