Fasting is to abstain from eating, drinking, and sexual activity from dawn to sunset.
TYPES OF FASTING
- Fasting during the month of Ramadan,
- Fasting to make up (Qada) the missed Ramadan fasting,
- Fasting as expiation (Kaffara) for the missed Ramadan fasting.
FASTING AS MAKE-UP (QADA)
- Vowed fast,
- Fasting to make up (Qada) the missed supererogatory (Nafilah) fasting.
Our Prophet used to fast outside of the Ramadan and used to recommend this to his Companions as well.
Some of these fasts are:
- Fasting on the ninth and tenth days or tenth and eleventh days of the month of Muharram,
- Fasting six days on the month of Shawwal following the month of Ramadan,
- Fasting on Mondays and Thursdays,
- Fasting on the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth days of the lunar months,
- Fasting one day and skipping the other day in days other than Ramadan (Fasting of Prophet David).
OBJECTIONABLE (MAKRUH) FASTINGS
These are the fasts that are considered objectionable (makruh) for various reasons. Those fasts are of two kinds:
1. Makruh Tahriman (Disliked but closer to forbidden) Fast
- Fasting on the first day of the Ramadan Feast (Eid al-Fitr),
- Fasting during all of the four days of the Sacrifice Feast (Eid al-Adha, and three days after `Eid al-Adha).
2. Makruh Tanzihan (Disliked but closer to Permissible) Fast
- Fasting on only the tenth day of Muharram- Ashura, without fasting the day before or the day after.
- Fasting on only Friday or Saturday.
#(If a person who wants to fast on Ashura, Friday, or Saturday fasts the day before or the day after, then the fasting is not considered makruh.)
– Excerpt from the book, “My beautiful Religion: ACCORDING TO THE HANAFI SCHOOL”