Yaum-e-Wilaadat of Sayyidina Imaam Hussayn ibn Ali alaihis salaam Mubaarak !
RasoolAllahﷺ said, “Hussain is from me and I am from Hussain.”
Jaam’i Tirmidhi #3708
Leaders of all the youngsters in Paradise…
Hudhaifah (RadiAllahu Anhu) narrates that the Holy Prophet ﷺ said, “There is an angel who before tonight had never come down to earth, asked permission from his Lord to offer slam (salutations) to me and to deliver the good news to me that Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the leader of all women of Paradise and Hasan (RadiAllahu Anhu) and Husain (RadiAllahu Anhu) are the leaders of all the youngsters in Paradise.”
►Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:660#3781)
►Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:80,95#8298,8365)
►Nasai, Fadhail-us-sahabah (p.58,72#193,260)
►Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (5:391)
►Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:788#1406)
►Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musannaf (6:388#32271)
►Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:164#4721,4722)
►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:402#1005)
►Bayhaqi, al-Itiqad (p.328)
►Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi-manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.224)
Glad Tidings from the Leader of Both Worlds [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Aalihi wassallam]
Hazrat Ummul Fadhl RadiAllahu Anha, (the aunt of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam), narrates that she went to the court of RasoolAllah ﷺ and said that during the night she had seen a dreadful dream. RasoolAllah ﷺ enquired as to what it was, upon which she replied that it was very severe (therefore feared mentioning it). When RasoolAllah ﷺ insisted the second time, she said that she saw a part of RasoolAllah’s ﷺ blessed body falling away from his body and falling on her lap. Upon this RasoolAllah ﷺ said that she had seen a nice dream and it meant that Allah Ta’ala will bestow his daughter Fatima Zehra RadiAllaha Anha with a son who will be placed in Ummul Fadhl’s lap. Accordingly, Hazrat Fatima RadiAllahu Anha gave birth to Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu and he was given to Ummul Fadhl.
[Mishkat Sharif, page 572]
Just as the prophecy of RasoolAllah ﷺ has stated, Hazrat Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu was born in the month of Sha’baan-ul-Muazzam in 4 Hijri. There is some difference of opinion regarding the exact date of birth; it was 3rd, 4th or 5th of Sha’baan. RasoolAllah ﷺ was extremely happy on hearing the news of Imam Hussain’s birth. He took the baby in his arms and gave the Adhaan in his right ear and Iqaamah in his left, and also gave his blessed tongue in his mouth to suck. On the seventh day, he sacrificed two sheep for the Aqeeqah and named his grandson as Hussain.
The Blessed Name and Family Lineage
His name was Hussain and kunniyat (nickname or petname) was Abu-Abdullah (father of Abdullah). Sibtey Rasool, Raihanae Rasool, Qurrat-ul-Ain, Sayyid and Tayyib are his titles. His family lineage goes as Hussain son of Ali son of Abi Talib son of Abdul Muttalib son of Hashim son of Abde Munaf Qarashi Hashmi.
Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu was so beautiful that the Noor (light) from his blessed face would illuminate the surroundings. His blessed appearance had a unique resemblance with that of RasoolAllah ﷺ. It is stated in a narration by Hazrat Ali RadiAllahu Anhu that Imam Hasan RadiAllahu Anhu was identical with RasoolAllah ﷺ from head to chest and Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu was alike from chest to the feet.
Hazrat Abu Hurairah RadiAllahu Anhu narrates that once they were with walking with RasoolAllahﷺ when he heard Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain (RadiAllahu Anhum) crying. Upon enquiring the reason, Hazrat Fatima RadiAllahu Anha replied that they are crying due to thirst. RasoolAllah ﷺ asked all those present if they had any water but none had any. He then asked Hazrat Fatima RadiAllahu Anha to give one of the children to him. He ﷺ took the child and cuddled him and gave his blessed tongue into the child’s mouth. The child sucked it till he was satisfied and stopped crying. He ﷺ then did the same with the other child till he too was satisfied and stopped crying.
[Zikr e Jameel, Ibne Asakar, Tibrani]
Riding on the Shoulders of RasoolAllah ﷺ
Hazrat Osama bin Zaid RadiAllahu Anhu narrates that one night I visited RasoolAllah ﷺ and saw him carrying something on his back which I could not recognise. When I finished my task I enquired, ‘What are you carrying Ya RasoolAllah ﷺ?’ RasoolAllah ﷺ moved the cover and I saw that he was carrying Imam Hasan and Hussain (RadiAllahu Anhum). He then said, ‘O Allah! These two are my sons and the sons of my daughter. O Allah! I love them and love those who love them.’
Choose Between Son and Grandson
Once RasoolAllah ﷺ was carrying Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu on his right shoulder and his son Hazrat Ibrahim RadiAllahu Anhu on his left. Just then Hazrat Jibraeel Alaihis Salam arrived and requested, ‘Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala will not let both these children live with you and He wants to recall one of them. You can chose whom you want to keep.’ RasoolAllah ﷺ replied, ‘If Hussain passes away then I will be hurt as well as Fatima and Ali [RadiAllahu Anhuma] but if Ibrahim dies, then only I will suffer the most. And so I will prefer Hussain to live.’ Three days after this incident occurred, Hazrat Ibrahim RadiAllahu Anhu passed away. After that whenever Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu came to RasoolAllah ﷺ, he used to kiss his forehead and say, ‘Welcome O Hussain! I have sacrificed my son upon you.’
RasoolAllah ﷺ Interrupted His Speech
Hazrat Buraidah RadiAllahu Anhu narrates that RasoolAllah ﷺ was once delivering a sermon when Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain (RadiAllahu Anhum) arrived walking playfully, both wearing red shirts. RasoolAllah ﷺ came down the pulpit and held them in his hand making them sit near him. He ﷺ then said, ‘Indeed Allah has said the truth that ‘your wealth and your children are means of testing you.’ When I saw these two children walking in an unbalanced manner, I could not hold myself and interrupted my speech to support them.’
Support of Hazrat Jibraeel Alaihissalam
One day Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain (RadiAllahu Anhum) started to wrestle. RasoolAllah ﷺ was watching and saying, ‘Hasan, hold Hussain.’ Upon hearing this Hazrat Fatima RadiAllahu Anha said, ‘Ya RasoolAllah! You are helping Hasan when Hussain is younger.’ RasoolAllah ﷺ replied, ‘Jibraeel is helping Hussain.’
A villager once came to RasoolAllah ﷺ and gifted him a baby deer. After a short while Imam Hasan RadiAllahu Anhu arrived upon which RasoolAllah ﷺ gave the baby deer to him. When Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu saw the baby deer he enquired, ‘O brother! Where did you get that from?’ ‘Our grandfather gave it to me’ replied Imam Hasan RadiAllahu Anhu. Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu quickly ran to RasoolAllah ﷺ and demanded a baby deer. RasoolAllah ﷺ tried to console him but Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu would not listen and was close to tears. Just then a deer arrived and said, ‘a villager presented one of my babies to you and now according to the command from Allah, I have come to present my second baby for Hussain as he was asking for it.’
Clothes from Jannah
It is narrated that on the night of Eid, Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain (RadiAllahu Anhum) came to their mother and said, ‘Tomorrow is Eid and all the children in Madinah will be dressed up in new clothes. Will the grandchildren of RasoolAllah ﷺ not wear new clothes?’ Hazrat Fatima RadiAllahu Anha was filled with emotions upon hearing the requests from her children and she promised them that they would wear new clothes. Hazrat Fatima RadiAllahu Anha, the leader of the women of Paradise prayed Salaah, and then raised her hands to the Lord of the Worlds and requested, ‘O Allah! I have promised my children and now I leave it up to You to fulfil my promise.’
Just then she heard a knock on the door. Hazrat Fatima RadiAllahu Anha enquired, ‘Who is it?’ ‘The tailor of the family of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam has brought some new clothes for his children’ replied the voice from outside. Sayyidah Fatima RadiAllahu Anha dressed the children in them the next morning. When RasoolAllah ﷺ arrived he asked, ‘Do you know where the clothes were from and who brought them?’ ‘O Father! I don’t know, please tell me’ replied Hazrat Fatima RadiAllahu Anha. RasoolAllah ﷺ said, ‘That was Jibraeel Alaihis Salaam who got the clothes from Jannah upon the order from Allah Ta’ala.’
Who Will Decide?
Hazrat Allama Nusqi Rehmatullahe Alaih narrates that once Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain (RadiAllahu Anhum) each wrote something on two separate slates. Each one claimed that his handwriting was better. To get the verdict they went to their father Hazrat Ali RadiAllahu Anhu. Hazrat Ali RadiAllahu Anhuwho made major decisions in his life could not decide on this as he did not want to hurt either of them, and so he directed them towards their mother. They went to Hazrat Fatima RadiAllahu Anha, who upon seeing the situation, felt the same as their father and directed them to RasoolAllah ﷺ. RasoolAllah ﷺ, the greatest and most exalted decision maker in the world, did not want to decide in favour of one of them either, and in turn hurt the feelings of the other. So he said that the decision will be made by Hazrat Jibraeel Alaihis Salaam. Hazrat Jibraeel soon arrived and said, ‘The decision will be made by Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala and for that I have brought an apple from Jannah on His instruction. I will now throw this in the air and whichever slate it falls on will be the winner. When the apple was thrown in the air, it split into two halves and one half fell on one slate and the other half on the other, thus deciding that both handwritings were equally good.’
Protection By An Angel
One day Hazrat Fatima RadiAllahu Anha came to RasoolAllah ﷺ in a very distressed state. Upon seeing this RasoolAllah ﷺ enquired as to the reason. Hazrat Fatima RadiAllahu Anha replied that she could not find both her children. Just then Hazrat Jibraeel Alaihis Salaam arrived and informed RasoolAllah ﷺ that the children were sleeping at a certain place and that an Angel was protecting them.
When RasoolAllah ﷺ reached the place, he saw an Angel who had spread one of his wings below the children whilst covering them with the other wing. RasoolAllah ﷺ then took one on each shoulder and started to walk. On the way he met Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique RadiAllahu Anhu who requested RasoolAllah ﷺ to give one of the children to him. RasoolAllah ﷺ smiled and replied, ‘Look, their ride is so exalted and so are the riders.’ Upon reaching the Masjid, RasoolAllah ﷺ announced to the companions present there, ‘Shall I show you the people who are best amongst the creations?’ The companions responded, ‘Surely, inform us Ya RasoolAllah ﷺ.’
RasoolAllah ﷺ declared, ‘The maternal grandparents of these children.’ The companions testified. He then continued, ‘I am their maternal grandfather and Khadijah is their maternal grandmother, we are the best. Then their parents are best and they are Ali and Fatima RadiAllahu Anhuma. Then their uncle and aunt are the best. Their uncle is Hazrat Ja’far and the aunt is Umme Haani [RadiAllahu Anhuma]. Then their maternal aunts and maternal uncles are the best. The maternal aunts are Hazrat Umme Kulsoom, Hazrat Ruqaiyyah and Hazrat Zainab [RadiAllahu Anhum] and their maternal uncles are Hazrat Abdullah Tayyib wa Taahir, Hazrat Qasim and Hazrat Ibrahim [RadiAllahu Anhum].
Intelligence of Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu
One day Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu had a guest. After the meal the guest asked for something to drink, upon which Imam Hussain enquired as to what drink he would like? The guest indicated that he wanted a drink which if not available is more precious than ones life and when one does have it, it is of no value. Imam Hussain told his companions that the guest is referring to water. Those present were astonished with his intelligence.
[Istiqamat, Dec 1979 issue]
Did Not Decline His Wish
Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu once requested a camel from RasoolAllah ﷺ when he was in the Masjid. Upon hearing the request, RasoolAllah ﷺ went on his hands and knees and rode Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu on his back. Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu further commented that the camels generally have reins and my camel does seem to have one. RasoolAllah ﷺ gave his blessed hair in his hands. Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu further went to say that the camels of Madinah seem to speak. On this wish, RasoolAllah ﷺ started to make noise like that of camels.
[Istiqamat, Dec 1979 issue]
Sustenance Is On Its Way
A very poor man came to Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu and pleaded, ‘O beloved of RasoolAllah ﷺ, I am a destitute and have nothing to feed myself or my children, so please give me some of your dinner. Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu reassuringly said, ‘Please sit down and wait, my sustenance is on its way.’ Soon after a man arrived and handed over five bags, each bag containing some thousand dinars to Imam Hussain and said, ‘This is from Hazrat Ameer Mu’awiyah RadiAllahu Anhu and he has apologised that he sent you so little. He said to use this for now and more would arrive soon.’ Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu presented all the five bags to the poor man and apologised saying, ‘Please excuse me for making you wait for this long. This is all I have for now; hope it will be enough for you. We are the people of trials and we have abandoned our desires and forsaken our pleasures.’
The Most Beloved
Hazrat Anas RadiAllahu Anhu says: ‘RasoolAllah ﷺ was asked about who was most beloved to him in his family? He answered ‘Hasan and Hussain.’ He used to ask Hazrat Fatima RadiAllahu Anha, ‘bring my two sons to me.’ He would then call them close and cuddle them.’
The Beloved in the Heavens
Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar RadiAllahu Anhu was sitting near the Ka’aba when he saw Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu coming. Upon seeing Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu he remarked: ‘On this day, he is the most beloved amongst the dwellers of the earth to the inhabitants of the skies.’
[Khutbaat e Muharram]
Please Grant Something
Hazrat Fatima RadiAllahu Anha once brought Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain (RadiAllahu Anhum) to RasoolAllah ﷺ and requested, ‘Please bestow them with something.’ RasoolAllahﷺ generously declared: ‘For Hasan is my awe and leadership, and for Hussain is my courage and generosity.’
[Khutbaat e Muharram]
Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar RadiAllahu Anhuma narrates that RasoolAllah ﷺ said: ‘Hasan and Hussain are ‘Raihaan’ for me in this world. (Raihaan is a sweet-scented plant)
Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu in the Holy Qur’an
The excellence of Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu is also implied in the Holy Qur’an in the incident of Mubahila. Let us look at the incident in detail.
The root word of Mubahila is ‘Bahl’ which means dua, humbleness, and curse.
Mubahila is practiced to prove a point. When two groups do not agree with to each other and all other methods such as debate fails, then they take the extreme step of Mubahila. Both groups meet at a destined place with their close family members and curse each other. Whoever is on the right is saved and the other group is perished. Mubahila was only practiced by RasoolAllah ﷺ against the unbelievers. Now let us see what the Holy Qur’an mentions about Mubahila.
Verse Regarding Mubahila
Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Qu’ran:
“Then O beloved! Whoever disputes with you about Isa after knowledge has come to you, then tell them, ‘come, let us call our sons and your sons our women and your women and our souls and your souls, then let us pray earnestly, and so lay the curse of Allah upon the liars.” (Surah Aal e Imran Verse 61)
This verse was revealed in relation to the Jews of Najraan, who came to argue with RasoolAllah ﷺ over Hazrat Isa Alaihis Salaam. Najraan is a large well-established city near Madinah Munawwarah towards Yemen. It has been named after Najraan bin Zaid. This city was like a headquarter for the Christians with over seventy three villages in its radius of influence. In the city was a prominent church which the Christians considered as their Qibla and many of their well-known scholars lived there. A year before RasoolAllah ﷺ passed away from this world, a group of about sixty people from there came to see him at Madinah Munawwarah. The lord bishop of the time, Abu Harisa was also amongst them. Twenty four out of the sixty were the cream of their community and out of the twenty four, three were very significant. One of them was Abdul Maseeh without whose consent, his people would not do anything; the other was the treasurer who would look after the finances of the community and the third was Abu Harisa who was the highest ranking scholar amongst them.
They reached Madinah at the time of Asr, wearing the most elegant clothes ever seen by the people of Madinah. They went straight to Masjid un Navbi Sharif where people were offering their Asr Salaah. They too started praying by turning towards the west. RasoolAllah ﷺ indicated to the companions to let them complete their prayer. [Tafseer e Na’eemi]
Bagwi states that when RasoolAllah ﷺ recited the above Ayah and invited them for mutual imprecation (Mubahila), they hesitated and requested some time to think over it. Aaqib, who was most intelligent amongst them said, ‘O brothers in Christianity, you know very well that Muhammed ﷺ is the true Prophet. History teaches us that whenever a group came face to face with any Prophet for Mubahila, they all perished, and if you chose to do the same then you too will perish. So my advice is to reconcile with Muhammed ﷺ and return home.
Early next morning, RasoolAllah ﷺ left his house carrying Imam Hussain whilst Imam Hasan RadiAllahu Anhuma was walking holding his finger; Hazrat Fatima RadiAllahu Anha walking behind him and Hazrat Ali RadiAllahu Anhu was walking behind Hazrat Fatima RadiAllahu Anha. So as mentioned in the verse above, RasoolAllah ﷺ took Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhuma as his sons.
When the Christians saw this sight, one of the scholars cried out, ‘O brothers, I see the faces, which if they raise their hands in prayers, the Almighty Lord will move mountains from their places. Therefore do not face the Prophet and return or else there will be no Christians left on this earth. [Tafseer e Mazhari]
My beloved Prophet ﷺ’s beloved devotees. Ponder the fact that it was decided that for the Mubahila, each group would bring their women and children with them. At this point, RasoolAllah ﷺ, from all the members of his blessed family chose Hazrat Fatima, Hazrat Ali, Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhum. Thus the Ummah will always remember Imam Hasan RadiAllahu Anhu and Imam Hussain RadiAllahu Anhu as the sons of RasoolAllah ﷺ as he himself called them his sons.
Al-Imam Al-Husain RadiAllahu Anhu’s message was simple and clear: Is life so dear or so sweet as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty Allah! I know not what course others may take, but as for me, give me Haqq, or give me death!
“It is better to die on your feet than to live on your knees”