In the name of Allah, Most Merciful, Most Gracious.
Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon our Master Muhammad, his family and companions.
This article will discuss the futile and baseless objections that are often raised by the Shirk Brigade and Bidah Bandwagon. For such individuals we recommend they read all our articles on Milad-un-Nabi and also the Answers and Rebuttals (below) to the Objections that they may have. Insha-Allah once you have read these articles, Allah willing you will also become a celebrator of the Mawlid.
Objection 1: – Only 2 Eids have been prescribed to us, we can’t celebrate another Eid
The blessed birth of Sayyidena Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) is a far greater event than any other in history. All other celebrations (Eid ul Adha & Eid ul Fitr) have only been granted to us because of this celebration – the birth of the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam). Sayyidena Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) made more than just Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha celebrations. In fact the Holy Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said Every Friday is an Eid. This means more than fifty Eids in a year. The Holy Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) also said the day of Arafah is an Eid. Every Friday is Eid and do you know why? Allah created Prophet Adam (Alayhissalam) on this day so it became an Eid. This day is so auspicious that on this day any prayer which is made at the time of the creation of Prophet Adam (Alayhissalam) is granted acceptance by Allah. Now think, if the creation of Prophet Adam (Alayhissalam) has blessed this day in such a way, how blessed do you think that day is when the beloved of Allah was born? [Ibn-ul-Haaj’s very famous book Al-Mawlid]
Further Allah Almighty says in the Qur’an:
Prophet Isa [May Allah bless him and grant Him peace] prayed to Allah Almighty “Oh Allah, our Lord, send down to us a tray of food from the Heavens so that it may be an occasion of Eid for us for the first and the last of us.” (Surah Al-Maaidah, Verse 114)
Imam Hakim writes that the Holy Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said “Friday is also an Eid day”. Once, in the Prophet’s time Eid came on Friday and the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said “Allah has given you two Eids today”. [Mustadrak, “Jum’ah” by Imam Haakim and summary by Imam Dhahabi].
Imam Tirmidhee writes:
“Abdullah-bin-Abbaas was reciting verse 3 of Surah Maaida, from the Qur’an. A Jew, sitting close-by heard it and said to Abdullah “If that verse which you recited, was revealed to us, we would make that day an Eid day”. Abdullah-bin-Abbas replied “When this verse was revealed, there were two Eids on that day. One of them was the Hajj day and the other Friday”. [Tirmidhee , “Tafsir”, and also Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Surah 5, Verse 3]
From the references above, it is proved that the term “Eid day” does not specifically apply to the two Eid days (Al-Fitr and Al-AdhHaa), but instead, it could be used for any Islamic holy day. This means that we can refer to “Milaad-un-Nabi” as “Eid-Milaad-un-nabi” The reality is the objectors would not mind if it was called Islamic Gathering or Peace Conference or Dawah Project but as soon as the lovers of Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) call it Eid Milad-un-Nabi they jump on the Biddah Bandwagon. If the book written by Imam Bukhari can be called Sahih Bukhari instead of Book of Allah but yet anyone who seeks knowledge from it will be rewarded by Allah, then the gathering that has been set for the rememberance of the Habib of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) can also be named after the blessed Habib (sallallahu alaihi wasallam).
Objection 2: – The Milad is a Brelwi celebration only celebrated by Brelwis
Subhan’Allah such envy towards the Brelwis! Perhaps what the objectors do not realise, every single Muslim nation (except saudi openly) commemorates the Mawlid. So are all the Arab countries Brelwis now?!?!
Is Sayyid Shaykh Habib Ali al-Jifri a Brelwi now? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habib_Ali_al-Jifri
Is Sayyid Shaykh Muhammad al-Ya’qoubi a Brelwi now? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_al-Ya%E2%80%99qoubi
Is Shaykh Yusuf al-Sayyid Hashim al-Rafa’i a Brelwi now?
Is Shaykh Muhammad bin Yahya al-Ninowy a Brelwi? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_bin_Yahya_al-Ninowy
And we can keep mentioning many more. It’s not the Brelwis who commeorate the Mawlid, it is the Ahle-Sunnah-wa-Jamaat and unlike the Salafi/Wahabis who are ashamed to name their Imams, we are proud to shout from the rooftop the names of our Scholars/Imams and Spiritual Guiders who instigate the love for our beloved Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and the love for Almighty Allah.
And this is what the Arab scholars have to say about Ala Hazrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan al Brelwi. Watch and weep! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=npkoih_YbEM
Objection 3: – Islam is complete according to Surah al-Maidah Verse 3 so Mawlid is an addition to the religion and therefore not permissible
If only the objectors would do their research in regards the ayahs (verses) of the Qur’an before raising their objections. This ayah Alhumdolillah is in fact used to support Milaad not go against it. Lets have a look at what the great scholars write about this verse in more detail:
Quran [al Maidah 5:03]……”Today I have perfected your religion for you and have completed My favour upon you and I have chosen Islam for you as a religion….”
This verse was revealed on Friday 9th Zul-Hijjah, in the year 10AH., during the Farewell Pilgrimage in Arafat at the time of Asr Prayer. At that time over one hundred thousand Muslims were present in the vicinity of Arafat and the banner of Islam was aloft in most areas of the Arabian Peninsula. This verse is a great gift to the Muslim Ummah from Allah Almighty. It informed us that the religion for which the Holy Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) was sent was today completed with all its teachings, principles, beliefs and morals on Halal and Haram. (Tafseer Kabeer)
Also the completion of religion meant that Allah’s favour had also been completed. The religion of Islam, which was the religion of all previous prophets and messengers, and a complete way of life according to its time and place, has now in its final and universal form been decreed for you as the preferred religion.
Here, Almighty Allah informs Muslims that Islam is now complete and this additions to it are no longer required. Islam is perfect, with no shortcomings. It is the preferred way of life and leads to the pleasure of Allah. (Tafseer ibn Katheer). “Accepting a creed or religion other than Islam is totally unacceptable according to Allah [Quran 3:85]”
This same verse is also a clear indication that Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) is the final Prophet. If Islam is now complete with no room for change and alterations in its rulings, then no purpose remains for sending another Prophet. Point to note here, when the Quran state, the Religion is complete, this is referring to not allow changes to the Principles and Beliefs eg Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) is the last and final Messenger, the obligatory salah is 5 and no one can change this to 4 or 6 etc. Jumha salah can only be on Jumha, Hajj can only be on 9th zul-hijjah etc etc. It does not mean that those acts that are within shariah eg halal cannot be done anytime eg dhikr gatherings, durood gatherings, voluntary fasts – all acts of Sunnah that are done during the Mawlid. These don’t go against what is Halal. In fact you only have to read the complete verse of al Maidah 5:03, it actually begins with stating the foods that are forbidden (haram). From this complete verse we understand that indeed the Islam is indeed complete with no room for change and alterations so one cannot begin to declare something that is explicitly stated in the Quran as haram to be lawful (halal). This would go directly against the tenets of Quran and Islam. But how is performing the acts of Sunnah during a gathering that people happen to call Mawlid (yet you can call them Peace Conference or Seerah Conference) all of a sudden constitute changes to the deen.
The companions expressed great joy and happiness when this verse was revealed, but Sayyidena Abu Bakr (Allah be pleased with him) was overcome with sadness and tears. When asked why he was upset he replied that this verse was an indication that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) was soon to leave this mortal world, because his mission was complete (Tafseer ibn Katheer). This is exactly what happened, and not longer after this verse was revealed the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) departed this world.
Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) once recited this verse. A nearby Jew overheard the recitation and remarked “If this verse has been revealed to us, we would have taken this day as a day of celebration (Eid).” Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) said, “This verse was revealed on a day of two Eids; since it was a Friday and the Day of Arafat.” (i.e these two days were already considered as an Eid for Muslims narrated in Tirmizi: Book exegesis of the Quran: Surah al-Maidah). It can be deduced from this narration that it is legitimate to have a day of celebration on occasaions of happiness and blessing, for if it wasn’t, Ibn Abbas would have remarked that to celebrate on this day is innovation (Bidah) but he didn’t. Thus, to commemorate the mawlid of the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) is perfectly legitimate, since He is the greatest blessing and gift from all of Allah’s blessings (Tafseer Khazaa’in-ul-Irfaan), and the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) himself used to fast every Monday to commemorate his birthday (Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Vol 5, p.299)
So thanks for putting this verse up..it further clarifies that the mawlid is permissible. Alhumdolillah the whole Qur’an is praising our beloved Mustufa (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) so why do you object when we do.
Objection 4: – We must follow command of Allah and the Messenger only according to Surah an-Nisaa Verse 59
Quran [Surah al-Nisaa 4, Verse 59] “O you who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger and those of you who are in authority; and if you have a dispute concerning any matter, refer it to Allah and the Messenger if you are (in truth) believers in Allah and the Last Day. That is best (for you) and best for the end result.”
This verse commands the believers to obey Allah, His Prophet (sallalaho alaihi wasallam) and the Muslim rulers/scholars. Submission to Allah and the Prophet (sallalaho alaihi wasallam) requires no comment for it is the fundamental principle of Islam. The reason for obedience to the Muslim rulers is clear. The Prophet (sallalaho alaihi wasallam) was to leave this world someday, and the responsibility of managing the affairs of the Muslim state was to pass on to the followers / successors. After commanding obedience to Muslim rulers, Allah says that if there is some dispute or difference between the rulers and the people or among people regarding the rulers, it should be resolved on the basis of Allah’s commands and His Prophet’s Sunnah. If the leader demands what is in accordance with the Quran and the Sunnah, obey him, but if the leader demands what is against the Quran and the Sunnah, obedience to them is not lawful. This is because the Prophet (sallalaho alaihi wasallam) said: “It is not permissible to follow someone if it leads to the disobedience of Allah, because obedience should only be in righteous deeds” (Sahih Muslim: Book of Amaarah, Hadith No. 1840)
So even from this verse the command is clear, that if Mawlid actions are in accordance to the Quran and Sunnah, then it is acceptable.
Objection 5: – Intermixing of women and men is wrong
This never invalidates the ruling of desirability that applies to the principle. Besides this would claim that the objectors are OK with Mawlid provided it was done by women and men separately! Allamah Shaami (radi Allahu anhu) has stated categorically that inter-mingling of sexes will not make any Mustahab act Haraam or avoided. There were idols in the Kaaba before Makkah was conquered, but Muslims did not leave out performing the Tawaaf (circumbulation) or Umrah because of the idols. Yes,when Almighty Allah gave them the power, they eventually destroyed the idols. When people go for Hajj, there is inter-mingling of sexes at the airport, in the plane, during Tawaaf, at Mina and at Muzdalifah, yet no one puts a stop to Hajj. In Meelad gatherings, at least men and women sit separately and women are with Hijab.
Objection 6: – 12th Rabi-ul-Awal is not the authentic date of birth
Some people claim that the exact date of birth of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) is not known and hence there is little room for the celebration of Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) on 12th of Rabi-ul-Awal.
First of all those who prove Mawlid always believe that Mawlid is not restricted to 1 date only, you can rejoice on any day, secondly the early most Seerah books like Seerat Ibn Ishaq (rah), Ibn Hisham (rah), Tabaqat Ibn Sa’d (rah) confirm the date of birth to be 12th Rabi ul Awwal, so does Imam Ibn Kathir (rah) in his book Sirat ar Rasul where he calls it mainstream opinion and calls other opinions as weak.
12 Rabi-ul-Awal is not only accepted as Milad Day from the classical and ancient scholars, it is also confirmed by the governments of the whole Islamic world. The holidays of almost 2 dozen Islamic countries, and except Iran ALL other countries celebrate it on 12 Rabi-ul-Awal. Iran celebrates it on 17 Rabi-ul-Awal, but this is because they coincide it with the birth date of Imam Jafar Sadiq (علیھ السلام).
Opinion of Renowned Historians about the Authentic Date of Milad
1. Imam Ibn-e-Ishaq (85-151 H): Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) was born on 12 Rabi-ul-Awal in Aam-ul-Feel. (Ibn-e-Jozi in Al-Wafa, Page 87)
2. Allama Ibn-e-Hasham (213 H): Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) was born on Monday 12 Rabi-ul-Awal in Aam-ul-Feel. (Ibn-e-Hasham in As-Sirat-un-Nabawiya, Vol. 1, Page 158)
3. Imam Ibn-e-Jareer Tabari (224-310 H): Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) was born on Monday 12 Rabi-ul-Awal in Aam-ul-Feel. (Tarikh-ul-Umam-wal-Muluk, Vol. 2, Page 125)
4. Allama Abu-ul-Hasan Ali Bin Muhammad Al-Mawardi (370-480 H): Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) was born 50 days after the event of Ashab-ul-Feel and after the death of His father on Monday 12 Rabi-ul-Awal. (Ailam-un-Nabuwa, Page 192)
5. Imam Al-Hafiz Abu-ul-Fatah Al-Undalasi (671-734 H): Our leader and our Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم), the Messenger of Allah, was born on Monday 12 Rabi-ul-Awal in Aam-ul-Feel. (Aayun-al-Asr, Vol.1, Page 33)
6. Allama Ibn-e-Khaldun (732-808 H): Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) was born on 12 Rabi-ul-Awal in Aam-ul-Feel. It was the 40th year of Emperor Kasra Noshairwan. (Ibn-e-Khaldun in At-Tarikh Vol. 2, Page 394)
7. Muhammad As-Sadiq Ibrahim Arjoon: From various turaq (chains) it has been established as true that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) was born on Monday 12 Rabi-ul-Awal in Aam-ul-Feel in the reign of Kasara Noshairwan. (Muhammad Rasool Ullah, Vol. 1, Page 102)
8. Sheikh Abdul-Haq Muhadath Dehlvi (950-1052 H):Know it well, that over-whelming majority of the experts of sayar and tarikh (i.e. biographers and historians) hold the opinion that An-Hazrat (i.e. the prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) was born in Aam-ul-Feel … It is well known that the month was of Rabi-ul-Awal and its date was 12. Various scholars have shown their agreement with this (date). (Madarij-un-Nabuwa, Vol. 2, Page 14)
9. Nawab Muhammad Sadiq Hasan Khan Bohapalvi: The birth (of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) was happened in Mecca at the time of Fajar on Monday 12 Rabi-ul-Awal in Aam-ul-Feel. Majority of scholars holds this opinion. Ibn-e-Jozi has narrated a consensus (of scholars) on it. (Ash-Shumama-tul-Anbariya Fi Mowlid Khair-al-Bariya, Page 7)
You can see that the historians / scholars from the first / second century of Hijri, as well as the scholars of later times, had been authenticating it.
The list also includes the well known leader of Salafis, i.e. Nawab Sadiq Hasan Bohapalvi.
This Date is Officially Recognized by Islamic World
Milad-un-Nabi (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) is celebrated throughout the Islamic world, with the exception of a few countries. Interestingly, all the Islamic countries (except Iran, who celebrate on 17th) celebrate it on 12th of Rabi-ul-Awal.
Here is a list of 16 Islamic countries who hold an official holiday on 12th of Rabi-ul-Awal (the actual list is longer than this):
The most authentic date of Milad-un-Nabi (i.e. Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)’s birth), as agreed upon by the classical and later scholars and historians, and as officially recognized by Islamic countries, is Monday 12 Rabi-ul-Awal.
Now we will prove from a scholar whom even Salafi consider the top most scholar in Tafsir and Tarikh and he not only says 12th is the mainstreem opinion but also relies with exact hadith for it:
ورواه ابن أبى شيبة في
مصنفه عن عفان ، عن سعيد بن ميناء ، عن جابر وابن عباس أنهما قالا : ولد رسول الله
صلى الله عليه وسلم عام الفيل يوم الاثنين الثانى عشر من شهر ربيع الاول
Translation: Ibn Abi Shaybah (rah) in his Musannaf narrates from Affan>>Sa’id>>Jabir and Ibn Abbas (ridhwan Allahu ajmain) who said: RasulUllah (salallaho alaihi wasalam) was born in the year of elephant on Monday, the 12th Rabi Ul Awwal [Ibn Kathir in Seerat un Nabi, Volume 1, Page No. 199]
Then he said:
وهذا هو المشهور عند الجمهور
والله أعلم .
This is what is famous amongst Majority and Allah knows the best [ibid]
Imam Qastallani (rahimuhullah) said: RasulUllah (salallaho alaihi wasalam) was born on 12th Rabi ul Awwal and People of Makkah follow it,on this same day they visit (your place of birth).. It is famous that you were born on 12th Rabi ul Awwal, the day was of Monday, Ibn Ishaq (rah) and others have narrated this too [Al Muwahib al Laduniya, Volume 1, Page No. 88]
Objection: – Mawlid is a Biddah
Those who do not celebrate consider Mawlid is a biddah (innovation) and say things like all biddah (innovations) lead one to the hell fire.
Lets analyse the various hadith and sayings of our Beloved Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) in regards innovations.
From Sunan an-Nasai:
It is narrated on the authority of Jabir that he said: The Messenger of Allah (salallaho alaihi wasalam) said: “….the worst of affairs is its innovation (of heresies), and every innovation (of heresy) is an error, and (the innovator of) every error will be admitted to the fire (of Hell)…” [Sunan an-Nasai, Volume 2, Book of Eid Prayer 19, Hadith Number 1575, Published by Dar Al-Kotob Al-Ilmiyah]
See Scan 01 at the bottom of this page
From Sahih al-Bukhari:
Narrated Aisha (Allah be pleased with her): Allah’s Apostle said, “If somebody innovates something which is not in harmony with the principles of our religion, that thing is rejected.” [Sahih Bukhari (online), Volume 3, Book 49, Number 861, translated by Salafi Muhsin Khan]
Our response to this is that indeed every innovation of **(heresy) or Islam** is indeed an error or will indeed be rejected. But had the deniers of the Mawlid paid closer attention to the gilt-edged words of the Beloved Messenger (salallaho alaihi wasalam), they would have realised that he said: “If somebody innovates something which is not in harmony (or not present) in our religion, then that thing will be rejected.” In other words, the act is rejected (mardud) if it is not part of Islam and alien to its tenets. Automatically, this means that if someone works a deed that is part of our affair (Islam), then it is not rejected.
If we begin to assume that all actions that were not endorsed by the Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) and Companions are illegal, then:
- Dotting the Quranic Letters is wrong;
The Successor (Tabayee) Abu al-Aswad al-Duali dotted the entire Quran in the time of Hazrat Muawiya (Allah be pleased with him), and the Successor Ibn Sirin possessed a Quran originally dotted by the Tabayee Yahya ibn Yamar.
- Studying the Islamic disciplines like Arabic Grammar (sarf and nahv), tafsir, ilm al-hadith and so on are forbidden.
None of these were formally taught in the first generation of Muslims.
- The practice of praying Fajr salah with the same ablution of Isha is wrong.
The Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) and his Companions were not known to do this. This came about in later times, from the likes of Said ibn al-Musayyab and Imam Abu Hanifa (Allah have mercy on them).
- Lastly would these same people accuse the Sahaba of committing Biddah when one of them cured the chief of a tribe who had been bitten by a scorpio. The cure was done by the Companion reciting Surah Al-Fatihaa:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri: While we were on one of our journeys, we dismounted at a place where a slave girl came and said, “The chief of this tribe has been stung by a scorpion and our men are not present; is there anybody among you who can treat him (by reciting something)?” Then one of our men went along with her though we did not think that he knew any such treatment. But he treated the chief by reciting something, and the sick man recovered whereupon he gave him thirty sheep and gave us milk to drink (as a reward). When he returned, we asked our friend, “Did you know how to treat with the recitation of something?” He said, “No, but I treated him only with the recitation of the Mother of the Book (i.e., Al-Fatiha).” We said, “Do not say anything (about it) till we reach or ask the Prophet so when we reached Medina, we mentioned that to the Prophet (in order to know whether the sheep which we had taken were lawful to take or not). The Prophet said, “How did he come to know that it (Al-Fatiha) could be used for treatment? Distribute your reward and assign for me one share thereof as well.” [Sahih Bukhari (online), Volume 6, Book 61, Number 529]
Why are there no disputes about these innovations? Because none contravene the general teachings of the Quran and Sunna. Therefore at most they are classified as biddah hasana (Good Innovation, or Innovation of Guidance). The reason why the Mawlid is an innovation of guidance is because the Mawlid consists of acts such as thanking Allah, remembering the seerah of the Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) and reading naats and nasheeds in his praise. None of these acts contradict or defy the sources of Shariah. In fact the Shariah encourages such acts. Remember the definition of Mawlid is:
Definition of Milad-un-Nabi
The word Milad has been derived from “viladut” which means birth. Therefore, according to the Arabic language, Milad is a word which signifies the place and time of birth. In the light of Shariah, we mean, Milad is to remember the events which took place at the birth time of the Holy Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) and we get the opportunity of narrating the Seerat of the Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) on this occasion. We also present the Holy Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) gifts of Durood -o- salam. We mention before the people attributes and praises of the Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam). We do not believe that Milad is restricted to only one day but we believe that the remembrance of the Holy Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) is incumbent in every minute and second of time. Milad un Nabi (salallaho alaihi wasalam) is a great source of preaching. It is an opportunity for dawah and the scholars to teach Muslims on this Holy occasion, moral behavior of the Holy Prophet, (salallaho alaihi wasalam) His etiquettes, His affairs, His Seerat, His dealings and His shamail.
Now we challenge anybody out there to prove the Beloved Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) or the Sahaba did not perform these acts of Guidance!
And for now here are two quotes (we will add more later) from two giant Classical Scholars in regards innovations of guidance:
Imam Ibn Hajr al Haytami (Rahimuhullah) said:
وفي الحديث “كل بدْعة ضلالة وكل ضلالة في النار” وهو محمول على المحرمة لا غي
That which is narrated in Hadith that All innovations are evil and all evil are in hell fire, This hadith will be applied for Bidat al Muhrima (i.e. category of haram innovations only) not others. [Al Haytami in Fatawa al Hadithiyyah, Volume No.1 Page No. 109, Published by Dar ul Fikr, Beirut, Lebanon]
Imam an-Nawawi (Rahimuhullah) explains:
البدعة في الشرع هي احداث مالم يکن في عهد رسول اﷲ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم وهي منقسمة الي حسنة و قبيحة وقال الشيخ الامام المجمع علي امامته و جلالته و تمکنه في انواع العلوم و براعته ابو محمد عبدالعزيز بن عبدالسلام في آخر ’’کتاب القواعد‘‘ البدعة منقسمة إلي واجبة و محرمة و مندوبة و مکروهة و مباحة قال والطريق في ذلک أن تعرض البدعة علي قواعد الشريعة فان دخلت في قواعد الايجاب فهي واجبة و إن دخلت في قواعد التحريم فهي محرمة و إن دخلت في قواعد المندوب فهي مندوبه و ان دخلت في قواعد المکروه فهي مکروهة و ان دخلت في قواعد المباح فهي مباحة
Translation: “The Bidah in our law constitutes of innovating something which did not exist in the time of our Prophet, It is then divided into “Good” and “blameworthy” (wahya munqasimatun ila hasana wa qabiha). The Sheikh and the Iman,on whose foremost leadership, greatness, standing, and brilliance in all kinds of Islamic sciences there is consensus, Abu Muhammad Abdul Aziz bin Abdus Salam (Rahimuhullah) said toward the end of his book, al-Qawaid : “Innovation is divided into ‘obligatory’ (wajiba), ‘forbidden’s (muharrama), ‘recommended’s (manduba), ‘offensive’s (makuiha), and ‘indifferent’s (mubaha). The way [to discriminate] in this is that the innovation be examined in the light of the regulations of the Law (qawa`id al-sharp`a).If it falls under the regulations of obligatoriness (ijab) then it is obligatory; under the regulations of prohibitiveness (tahrum) then it is prohibited; recommendability, then recommended; offensiveness, then offensive; indifference, then indifferent.” [al-Nawawi, Tahdhib al-Asma’ wal-Lughat Volume No. 3, Page No. 22]
This is further emphasised when we look at the following two sayings of the blessed Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam):
حَدَّثَنِي زُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ مُوسَى، بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ وَأَبِي الضُّحَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ هِلاَلٍ الْعَبْسِيِّ، عَنْ جَرِيرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ، اللَّهِ قَالَ جَاءَ نَاسٌ مِنَ الأَعْرَابِ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَلَيْهِمُ الصُّوفُ فَرَأَى سُوءَ حَالِهِمْ قَدْ أَصَابَتْهُمْ حَاجَةٌ فَحَثَّ النَّاسَ عَلَى الصَّدَقَةِ فَأَبْطَئُوا عَنْهُ حَتَّى رُئِيَ ذَلِكَ فِي وَجْهِهِ – قَالَ – ثُمَّ إِنَّ رَجُلاً مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ جَاءَ بِصُرَّةٍ مِنْ وَرِقٍ ثُمَّ جَاءَ آخَرُ ثُمَّ تَتَابَعُوا حَتَّى عُرِفَ السُّرُورُ فِي وَجْهِهِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ” مَنْ سَنَّ فِي الإِسْلاَمِ سُنَّةً حَسَنَةً فَعُمِلَ بِهَا بَعْدَهُ كُتِبَ لَهُ مِثْلُ أَجْرِ مَنْ عَمِلَ بِهَا وَلاَ يَنْقُصُ مِنْ أُجُورِهِمْ شَىْءٌ وَمَنْ سَنَّ فِي الإِسْلاَمِ سُنَّةً سَيِّئَةً فَعُمِلَ بِهَا بَعْدَهُ كُتِبَ عَلَيْهِ مِثْلُ وِزْرِ مَنْ عَمِلَ بِهَا وَلاَ يَنْقُصُ مِنْ أَوْزَارِهِمْ شَىْءٌ
Translation: Jarir Ibn Abdullah (Allah be pleased with him) reported that some desert Arabs clad in woollen clothes came to the Messenger of Allah (salallaho alaihi wasalam). He saw them in sad plight as they had been hard pressed by need. He (the Holy Prophet) exhorted people to give charity, but they showed some reluctance until (signs) of anger could be seen on his face. Then a person from the Ansar came with a purse containing silver. Then came another person and then other persons followed them in succession until signs of happiness could be seen on his face. The Messenger of Allah (salallaho alaihi wasalam) said: He who introduced some good practice in Islam which was followed after him (by people), there would be reward assured for him like one who followed it, without their rewards being diminished at all. He who introduced some evil practice in Islam which had been followed after him (by others), would receive the burden like that of one who followed this (evil practice) without theirs being diminished at all. [Sahih Muslim, Volume 4, Book of knowledge 47, Hadith Number 2673 (1017), Published by Dar Al-Kotob Al-Ilmiyah]
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The heading of the Chapter in Sahih Muslim is: PERTAINING TO ONE WHO INTRODUCED SOMETHING GOOD OR EVIL, OR HE WHO CALLED TO RIGHTEOUSNESS OR TO THE PATH OF ERROR
How much more clear and transparent can this hadith of the Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) be! It leaves no more confusion, the Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) is essentially encouraging the revival of good acts and deeds. In this narration we learn that the Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) is likening the giving of charity and others following as a good practice in Islam. And why would it not be! Giving charity is in accordance to Quran and Sunnah. At the same time the Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) has warned of introducion of evil practices in Islam.
The Mawlid falls into the category of reviving the sunnah. The Mawlid consists only of guidance to Islam and calls one towards righteousness and all acts which are in accordance to Quran and Hadith, acts which were all done by the Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) and the Sahaba. This is further emphasised in the next hadith.
Sunan Tirmidhi, Section of “The difference between someone who calls to guidance and was followed, and the one who calls for misguidance”:
Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (salallaho alaihi wasalam) said: “If someone calls to guidance he will get the same rewards as those who follow him and they do not lose any of their rewards. Similarly, if someone calls to misguidance he will get the same punishment as those who follow him, and their punishment is not lessened. [Sunan Tirmidhi, Volume 03, Book of Knowledge, Number 2674, Published by Dar Al-Kotob Al-Ilmiyah] (Abu Eisa said that this hadith is Hasan Sahih.)
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Jarir Ibn Abdullah narrated that the Messenger of Allah (salallaho alaihi wasalam) said: “If someone sets a good example for others and they follow it, he will get his reward and a similar reward as the reward of those who followed him, and yet they do not loose any of their rewards. Similarly, if someone sets a bad example for others and they follow it, he will get his punishment and similar punishment as the ones who followed him and their punishment is still the same. [Sunan Tirmidhi, Volume 03, book of Knowledge, Number 2675, Published by Dar Al-Kotob Al-Ilmiyah] (Abu Eisa said that this hadith is Hasan Sahih.)
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This absolutely settles it that Almighty Allah is pleased with the one who calls to guidance, the one who sets a good example for others to follow provided it is in accordance to Quran and Sunnah. So once again, we challenge anyone to show us that any of the actions of Mawlid do not call towards guidance or do not have good examples for others to follow. We are not responsible for those who sin at Mawlid gatherings – people even cause sin in a Masjid (through backbiting and worldy talk or perhaps be stealing shoes etc) but we don’t begin to shut down Mosques because of it.
However the true acts of Mawlid are all mustahab (commendable) such as: To remember the events which took place at the birth time of the Holy Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) and we get the opportunity of narrating the Seerat of the Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) on this occasion; We also present the Holy Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) gifts of Durood -o- salam; We mention before the people attributes and praises of the Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam); We do not believe that Milad is restricted to only one day but we believe that the remembrance of the Holy Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) is incumbent in every minute and second of time. Milad un Nabi (salallaho alaihi wasalam) is a great source of preaching. It is an opportunity for dawah and the scholars to teach Muslims on this Holy occasion, moral behavior of the Holy Prophet, (salallaho alaihi wasalam) His etiquettes, His affairs, His Seerat, His dealings and His shamail.
The difference is, some like to call it Peace Conference or Dawah Conference but the people of love like to call it Mawlid Gathering because it is by attaching ourselves to the Beloved Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) that we came to know about Allah and Islam. And it will be through his (salallaho alaihi wasalam) intercession on the Day of Judgment that we will enter Jannah – Insha-Allah.
Sunan Tirmidhi, Section of “Following the Sunnah and avoiding the innovations”:
Ouf Al-Muzani narrated that the Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) said to Bilal Ibn Al-Hareth, “Let it be known to you.” Bilal said, “What should I know, oh Messenger of Allah?” He (salallaho alaihi wasalam) said, “Let it be known to you, oh Bilal.” Bilal said, “What should I know, oh Messenger of Allah?” He (salallaho alaihi wasalam) said, “(Know) that whoever revives something of my Sunnah after it has been abandoned will get a reward for anyone who followed it, and they will not lose any of their rewards. Also, whoever concocts any misguidance that displeases Allah and His Messenger (salallaho alaihi wasalam) will have the same sin of those who act upon it, and those people will not lose anything from from their sins.” [Sunan Tirmidhi, Volume 03, book of Knowledge, Number 2677, Published by Dar Al-Kotob Al-Ilmiyah] (Abu Eisa said that this hadith is Hasan.)
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The above hadith (2677) confirms further the narration in Sahih Muslim presented earlier (6466), that any good practice which revives the Sunnah pleases Almighty Allah and His Messenger (salallaho alaihi wasalam).
Al-Irbad Ibn Sariah said that once the Messenger of Allah (salallaho alaihi wasalam) gave such a moving sermon after Fajr prayers that they had tears in their eyes and their hearts were softened. A man said, “This is the speech of a person who is going away. So what do you order us to do, oh Messenger of Allah?” He (salallaho alaihi wasalam) said, “I order you to fear Allah and to hear and obey (the Imam) even if he was an Ethiopian slave. Those among you who will have a long life will see a lot of changes. Beware of any innovation (in the religion), because they are misguidance. Whoever lives to see that should adhere to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the guided and wise Caliphs after me – bite on it with your teeth!” [Sunan Tirmidhi, Volume 03, book of Knowledge, Number 2676, Published by Dar Al-Kotob Al-Ilmiyah] (Abu Eisa said that this hadith is Hasan Sahih.)
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From the hadith above (2676) we now begin to further understand that the beloved Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) is addressing the Sahaba that ***during THEIR lifetime*** they will see innovations of misguidance in Islam and that they should follow the Khulafa-e-Rashideen (Righteous Caliphs) after him. This is further illustrated in Sunan Ibn Majah:
Sunan Ibn Majah, Section of “Following The Tradition of the Rightly Guided Successors
It is narrated on the authority of Al-Irbad Ibn Sariyah that he said: One day, the Messenger of Allah (salallaho alaihi wasalam) stood and addressed us (with a sermon good sermon, in which he) gave us a perfect instruction because of which the hearts became in awe, and the eyes shed tears. Then it was said: “O Messenger of Allah! Verily, you’ve given us the instruction of such as is going to leave us. So, entrust us to do a covenant (from you by which we would hold fast)!” on that he said: ” I advise you to (ward off evil and) safeguard yourselves against (the punishment of) Allah; and to listen and obey (your ruler) even though he is an Abyssinian slave. No doubt, you will see after my (death) a great dispute (among the people which leads to their division and swerving from the right path): so, I advise you to follow my sunnah, and the tradition of the rightly-guided well-directed successors (of me), to which you should stick firmly (and on which you should show constant patience); and I further warn you of the innovations (of heresies pertaining to the religion, which have no reference in Allah’s Book and the sunnah of His Messenger), for indeed, every innovation is an error.” [Sunan Ibn Majah, Volume 01, Hadith Number 42]
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So once again the above hadith (42) has highlighted that the Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) is warning the Companions of the disputes which leads to divisions and moving away from the right path. Also that those who cause the divisions and innovations in Islam will be at error. The Messenger of Allah (salallaho alaihi wasalam) is warning that the Companions must follow the way of the Khulafa-e-Rashideen and not following the upcoming sects after the Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam), such as Khawarij, Rawafidh, Qadr’ite, Munkar of Zakaat etc that showed there ugly faces soon after the beloved Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) had veiled.
Hence in reality it is those Wahabi & Salafis who try to deny the Muslims from receiving the Guidance through Mawlid gatherings, from preventing Muslims receiving knowledge through Mawlid gatherings, from preventing Muslims performing acts of Sunnah during the Mawlid gatherings that are the real Ahlul-Biddah.
And Indeed everyone rejoices except for Shaytan and his counterparts, because:
أن إبليس رن أربع رنات حين لعن وحين أهبط وحين ولد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وحين أنزلت الفاتحة
Translation: Iblis cried loudly four times, first when Allah declared him as cursed, second when he was thrown out, Third When Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) was born and fourth when Surah al-Fatiha was revealed [Ibn Kathir in Al Bidayah wan-Nihayah, Volume No. 2, Page No. 166]
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Front Cover, Sunan An-Nasai, Volume 2, Published by Dar Al Kotob Al-Ilmiyah, Beirut, Lebanon
Sunan An-Nasai, Volume 2, Book of Eid Prayer 19, Hadith Number 1575
Front Cover, Sahih Muslim, Volume 4, Published by Dar Al Kotob Al-Ilmiyah, Beirut, Lebanon
Sahih Muslim, Volume 4, Book of Knowledge 47, Hadith Number 2673 (1017)
Front Cover, Sunan Al-Tirmidhi, Volume 3, Published by Dar Al Kotob Al-Ilmiyah, Beirut, Lebanon
Sunan Al-Tirmidhi, Volume 3, Book of Knowledge, Hadith Number 2674, 2675, 2676, 2677
Front Cover, Sunan Ibn Majah, Volume 1, Published by Dar Al Kotob Al-Ilmiyah, Beirut, Lebanon
Sunan Ibn Majah, Volume 1, Hadith Number 42
May we be sacrificed at this Merriment O blessed month of Rabi’ al-Awwal!!
Your joys surpass thousands of ‘Eids; All in the world are rejoicing, except Shaytan