How Clean are you?

Cleanliness has four stages:

Purifying the outward body from dirt and filth (like performing ablution and having a bath)

Purifying the limbs from breaking Allah Almighty’s laws & committing sins (like looking at haram, eating haram, lying and backbiting, tailbearing)

Purifying the heart from ill habits and blameworthy traits (like hatred, animosity, showing off etc)

Purifying the innerself (batin) from everything besides Allah Almighty (this is when every act is offered consciously for Allah Almighty and His pleasure)

– Imam Ghazzali (Iyha Ulum al-Din)


Mount Hira (Jabal Hira)


This is Mount Hira (Jabal Hira), which lies about two miles from the Ka’bah. Near the top is a small cave, a little less than 4 meters in length and a little more than one and a half meters in width. It was here that the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) received the first revelations of the Holy Quran during the month of Ramadhan in 610 CE. The mountain is also known as Jabal Noor (the Mountain of Light).

During Tahajjud time one night, when he was alone in the cave, there came to him an angel in the form of a man. The angel said to him, “Recite!”. “I cannot read”, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) replied. The angel took hold of him a second time and pressed him until he could not endure it any longer. After letting him go, the angel again said, “Recite!”. Again the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) replied “I cannot read”. The angel further embraced him again until he had reached the limit of endurance and said “Recite!” for the third time the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) said “I cannot read”. The angel released him and said: “Read in the name of your Lord, the Creator. He Who created man from a clot. Read! And your Lord is the Most Bounteous. Who taught by the Pen, taught man what he knew not.” [96:1-5]

How to Expiate a Broken Oath?

Q: I once made an oath that I won’t do something but I did it. I looked up the expiations for oaths but am unable to do them, even the fasting for 3 days. Will I be forgiven if I pray 2 cycles of repentance prayer and repent from what I did sincerely?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

Failing to fulfil an oath made would entail an expiation (kaffara).

An oath is a statement made where a person swears using the Name of Allah Most High, such as “By Allah/I swear by Allah, I will do such and such.” What counts is a verbal utterance, so merely thinking of this or saying it in your mind is of no legal consequence.

Thereafter, if the thing you sought to avoid was a sin, you should also repent for your error.

The time of making the expiation [approximately £2.50 to be given to ten poor persons] is the determiner as to whether or not you are legally “able.” If unable, you must fast three days consecutively which must not be interrupted by menstruation and the like. Further, you must remain unable for all three of these days for your expiation to be deemed valid.

If it is established that you are medically unable to fast three days consecutively, you would wait until you are able later in life. Merely repenting would not be sufficient to lift this duty.

[‘Ala’ al-Din ‘Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-‘Ala’iyya (189); Ibn ‘Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar ‘ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar (2.120/3.62)]

Please also see: What is the Difference Between a Promise, an Oath, and a Vow? and: A Reader on Tawba (Repentance)

And Allah Most High knows best.

Shall I face the Qibla with my back towards the blessed resting place of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ when making du’ā?

Imam Mālik (rahimahu Llah) was asked by the Khalif Abu Ja’far al-Mansūr:

Shall I face the Qibla with my back towards the blessed resting place of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ when making du’ā?


Imam Mālik (rahimahu Llah) replied,

How could you turn your face away from him ﷺ when he is your means (wasīla) and your father Adam’s means to Allah on the Day of Rising? No, rather you should face him ﷺ and ask for his intercession so that Allah will grant it to you, for Allah said, ‘If they had only, when they were unjust to themselves, come to you and asked Allah’s forgiveness, and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah Oft-Returning, Most Merciful (Q4:64)’.

– Narrated by Qādī ‘Iyād in his Shifā’ (2:26-27) and Tartīb al-Madārik (1:113-14) with an authentic chain, Imam Subkī in his Shifā’ as-Siqām (Ch. 4, 7), Qastalānī in his Mawāhib Ladunniya, Ibn Bashkuwal (Qurbah pp. 84), and other

The quickest way of getting your prayers (Du’ā) answered!


One of the quickest ways (some scholars say “The quickest way…”) of getting your prayers (Du’ā) answered is by praying for someone in their absence (without the them knowing). The Angels would say to such a person after the Du’ā, “Wa Laka Mithlu Dhālik” (“For you is the same).

I hope someone would make the following Du’ā for me (remember the Angels will make same Du’ā for you):

1. I pass away with Imān seeing the beloved ﷺ and attaining Wilāyah (closeness of Allāh).

2. Allāh protects me from the punishments of the grave and the Hereafter.

3. I enter Jannah without any accounting.

4. I get a place closer to the beloved ﷺ in Jannah.

If you do, may Allāh grant you more.



What is the Link Between Sura al-Kahf and the Dajjal?

Imam Muslims narrates in his Sahih that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah upon him) said:

“Whosoever memorizes 10 verses from the beginning of Surah al-Kahf will be protected from the tribulation of the Dajjal.”

Imam Munawi in his Fayd al-Qadeer (commentary on Jami’ as-Saghir of Imam Suyuti) said:

“It is because of what is in the story of the people of the cave of wonders, such that whoever knows these will not be amazed by the Dajjal and therefore, he will not be tried; or, whosoever ponders over these verses and contemplates their meanings will be weary of the Dajjal and therefore safe from him; or that this is a specialty given to this Surah…”

And Allah knows best.

Shaista Maqbool

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Will the Mahdi Come Before Dajjal? What About Our Liege-Lord `Isa (Allah bless him)?

According to what is indicated in various prophetic narratives (ahadith), the Mahdi (Allah bless him) will come before the Dajjal.

In the Sunan of Abu Dawud it is stated that Imam Mahdi (Allah bless him) will be given allegiance by the people between the Black Stone and the maqam of Ibrahim (Allah bless him and grant him peace). The Dajjal will then come out and would later be met by Imam Mahdi and his army (after some prior conquests) in battle, as understood from the narration of Muslim. Mulla `Ali al-Qari also states in his Mirqat,that the Dajjal will come out during the time of Imam Mahdi, indicating that the Mahdi will already be present at the time.

As for our liege-lord `Isa (Allah bless him and grant him peace), he will also descend after the appearance of Imam Mahdi (Allah bless him). Abu Hurayra (Allah be well pleased with him) states, “The Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, ‘How will you be when the son of Mary descends among you and your leader (imam) is from amongst yourselves.”

This narration demonstrates that at the time our liege-lord `Isa (Allah bless him) descends, the Muslims will already have a leader. Many of the hadith commentators stated that this leader (imam) would be none other than the Mahdi (Allah bless him). Our liege-lord  `Isa (Allah bless him and grant him peace) will pray behind him, as is is mass-transmitted (tawatur) from the Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace). [Ibn Hajar, Fath al Bari; Nawawi. Sharh Sahih Muslim; Kashmiri, Fayd al-Bari]

Sidi Salman Younas

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani